Shevardnadze, Eduard

Shevardnadze, Eduard
(1928– )
   Georgian diplomat and politician. As minister of foreign affairs of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1990, Eduard Shevardnadze was charged with implementing Mikhail Gorbachev’s “New Thinking” in foreign relations. He presided over the Soviet departure from Afghanistan, the termination of Soviet domination of the Eastern Bloc, the decision to allow the reunification of Germany, and the end of the Cold War with the United States.
   Following Zviad Gamsakhurdia’s flight from Georgia during the Georgian Civil War, Shevardnadze won the presidency of his homeland. Shevardnadze, who had led the country before becoming foreign minister, faced challenges on all sides, including separatist movements, as well as from Gamsakhurdia, who attempted to return to power. Ultimately, Shevardnadze gained control of the country but was forced to accept de facto independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia as well as limited control over Ajaria.
   He assumed a decidedly pro-Western orientation and won economic support from the U.S., as well as a strategic partnership that was intended to lead to eventual North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) membership. This created friction with the Kremlin, which saw the Caucasus as part of its exclusive sphere of influence. Problems between Tbilisi and Moscow were exacerbated after the initiation of the second Chechen War, as anti-Russian fighters began taking refuge in northern Georgia. Following Washington’s decision to distance itself from his regime due to rampant corruption, Shevardnadze was swept from power by the 2003 Rose Revolution. He refused asylum in Germany, and returned to private life in Georgia.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shevardnadze, Eduard — ▪ Soviet foreign minister and president of Georgia in full  Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze  born Jan. 25, 1928, Mamati, Georgia, U.S.S.R.    Georgian politician, who was foreign minister of the Soviet Union (1985–90, 1991) and head of state of …   Universalium

  • Shevardnadze, Eduard —  (1928–) President of Georgia (the country, not the U.S. state), 1995–2003 …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Shevardnadze, Eduard (Amvrosiyevich) — born Jan. 25, 1928, Mamati, Georgia, U.S.S.R. Soviet foreign minister (1985–90, 1991) and head of state of Georgia (1992–2003). He rose in the Komsomol hierarchy to become first secretary of its central committee in Georgia (1957–61). He later… …   Universalium

  • Shevardnadze,Eduard Amvrosiyevich — Shev·ard·na·dze (shĕ vərd nädʹzə), Eduard Amvrosiyevich. Born 1928. Georgian political leader who became head of state in 1992 and president in 1995. Formerly a Soviet politician and diplomat, he served as foreign minister (1985 1990) under… …   Universalium

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  • Shevardnadze, Eduard (Ambrósievich) — (n. 25 ene. 1928, Mamati, Georgia, URSS). Ministro de asuntos exteriores soviético (1985–90, 1991) y jefe de Estado de Georgia (1992–2003). Ascendió en la jerarquía del Komsomol hasta convertirse en primer secretario de su comité central en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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